In the field of motors, engines and automotive, heavy equipment is inarguably the king of them all. Not only does the size play a huge factor as to how this can be stated boldly, but the actual applications of heavy equipment trample every machine or mechanism by leaps and bounds.

With that said, technically speaking, how does one classify a motorized vehicle to be heavy equipment?


By definition, heavy equipment is described to be heavy-duty vehicles which are specially designed for executing construction and reconstruction tasks, and earthwork operations. In other words, they are the massive aids usually seen in erecting and fortifying a wide array of construction projects such as bridges, commercial structures and residential buildings, among others.

The recent boom of the heavy equipment industry is reflected on the functionality of these tools to the inter-related industries it serves, such as construction, mining and transportation, to name a few. Heavy equipment increases the rate of output through work progress with the best effective and efficient methods. That equates to reduction of the overall production costs especially for large contracts.

Also, these machines carry out a heightened productivity rate as it replaces manual labor, reduces manpower hours and improves safety rate of workers. Overall, the use of heavy equipment maintains the planned rate of production as well as the high-quality standards often required by present-day design and specifications.

Nonetheless, choosing the right heavy equipment can be quite confusing and daunting if you are not aligned with the industry. It is pertinent to know the basics of determining the right heavy equipment for your project. Just like any other, it has various types, functionalities and specifications, depending on the needs of the construction.

Here are some guidelines to assess the best heavy equipment to utilize:

  1. Learn the Heavy Equipment Function

The first step of finding your way around is by knowing the basic uses of heavy equipment. As stated earlier, heavy equipment can be further narrowed down to a wide array of types based on their different functions. In a general manner, heavy equipment can be classified to 4 basic types.


The first type is called Earthmoving Equipment. This earthmoving and mining equipment are intended chiefly to move earth and minerals in large-scale projects. In this category, there are surface (for spacious areas) and underground (for tightly spaced and enclosed environment) mining equipment.

Earthmoving equipment includes excavators, loaders, backhoe, Motor Graders, Motor Scrapers and Wheeled Loading Shovels.


Another classification according to function is Construction Vehicles. Engineering or construction vehicles are heavy-duty vehicles specially designed for transportation of materials. Heavy equipment includes dumpers, tankers, tippers and trailers.

There is also the Construction Equipment which is comprised of mechanisms that perform various tasks such as excavate, mix construction material, reduce waste materials through compaction, lay asphalt and spray and plaster among others. In this type are pavers, compactors, concrete mixers and road rollers.

Lastly, Material Handling Equipment is designed to handle, store, transport, distribute or dispose materials used in construction. This type includes cranes, conveyors forklifts and hoists.

Given that a person understands each function of heavy equipment, he or she can easily assess what type to use. Also, with the knowledge that each specific task is done by a specialized machine, productivity and quality may be improved up to a higher notch.

  1. Know about the Prices and Costs

A prerequisite to all construction projects is being economical and cost-efficient. The construction process is definitely not a cheap endeavor. It tests the resources of the person responsible for the project. As such, the acquisition, use and endorsement of heavy equipment can be nerve-wracking and quite alarming if handled poorly.


Economically speaking, equipment management in a project all boils down to a single decision – to purchase or to rent. In considering which path to choose, the manger needs to take into consideration the right company for the job. With high investment on the line, the brand does make a valuable point to top everything else. Bobcat, a leading heavy equipment company, has proven themselves as standout brand as they have longevity, experience and wide array of equipment on their belt. They have been in the industry for decades, and their offering has grown to a list of skid steer loaders, compact excavators, compact utility vehicles and other hydraulic equipment.

Construction managers and other people involved in construction can opt to buy new or slightly used machinery. However, what makes greater sense is opting to rent reliable heavy equipment to cut down the costs. Opting to lease equipment, Bobcat rental for instance, can pave a path of consistent production that is less expensive and create a win-win situation to everyone involved in the deal.

Overall, the costs of utilization of such heavy equipment will depend on the amount of resources present as well as the knowledge of the economy of the person in charge. Heavy equipment costs should be dealt with great critical thinking.

  1. Logistics is Imperative

Logistics is the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements. In handling heavy duty equipment, logistics may just draw the line between productivity and failure.


The fact is that contractors face some pretty tricky challenges when transporting and setting up heavy equipment, especially in confined urban jobsites with space limitations. Though it is obvious that many of the heavy equipment manufactured are large, it is important for construction managers to take note of the way the machine is transported and set-up in the project site. Contractors need to check out every detail before they roll out the equipment to any location.

For example, in handling cranes, it is very important to have a dedicated space and the correct ground conditions for the machine. It is important to take into consideration the expected ground-bearing pressure of the equipment on the spot in relation to the overall workflow in the site.

Many of the people who are learned on this job suggests construction managers should take note of all the heavy equipment which will be used, and the respective space allotment each machine should have in order to operate on maximum efficiency.

In relation to the prices and the cost, heavy equipment transportation is quite expensive and there are other risks to mobilizing the wrong equipment. A good example is when a bulldozer may be needed for job. It may be sound for the project manager, but it is not fitting in an urban setting where the residences are closely spaced. A contractor or construction manager may opt to use a small dozer, a different equipment altogether.


Heavy equipment is the king of all automotive. Construction managers and aspiring contractors make use of these tools to make production fast and meet the high quality standards which heavy equipment can only offer. However, there are challenges that are present in using these mechanisms.

This is why it is important to have a guideline on how to assess the best heavy equipment to use.

Managers and contractors should be knowledgeable of the functions, specifications and overall detailing of which heavy equipment is needed. When all things considered, proper knowledge is necessary to determine which heavy equipment is perfect for the job.